Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

► (1770-1831) Filósofo alemán. Su período creador comienza en Jena con La fenomenología del espíritu (1807). En Nuremberg publicó su obra fundamental Ciencia de la lógica (1812-16). Su filosofía (hegelianismo) o idealismo absoluto deriva de Kant, Fichte y Schelling. El absoluto de Hegel no es transcendente a la realidad sino inmanente. El método al servicio de esta concepción es el llamado dialéctico. Consiste en dejar desenvolverse al pensamiento sin trabas, chocando cada representación con su opuesta, enriqueciéndose sucesivamente con otras representaciones. Toda posición (tesis) es negación de su contrario y toda negación (antítesis) es también afirmación; el resultado de la negación de un concepto es otro concepto más positivo, más concreto que el primero. (V. hegelianismo.)

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(27 ago. 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg–14 nov. 1831, Berlín).

Filósofo alemán. Después de trabajar como tutor, fue director del Instituto de Humanidades de Nuremberg (1808–16); luego enseñó principalmente en la Universidad de Berlín (1818–31). Su obra, que sigue a la de Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte y F.W. Schelling, marca el pináculo del idealismo alemán poskantiano. Inspirado en el pensamiento cristiano y poseedor de un fantástico acervo de conocimiento concreto, Hegel encontró un lugar para todo lo –lógico, natural, humano y divino– en un esquema dialéctico que oscilaba repetidamente de tesis a antítesis hasta llegar a una síntesis más alta y más rica. Su amplísimo sistema obligó a la filosofía a ocuparse de todos los problemas de la historia y la cultura, ninguno de los cuales podía ya ser considerado ajeno a su competencia. Al mismo tiempo, su sistema despojaba de autonomía a todos los elementos y problemas implicados, reduciéndolos a manifestaciones simbólicas de un solo proceso, el de la búsqueda y conquista del Espíritu Absoluto de su propio ser. Su influencia ha sido igualmente fértil en lo que se refiere a las reacciones críticas que despertó como a su impacto positivo. Sus obras principales son Fenomenología del espíritu (1807), Enciclopedia de las ciencias filosóficas (1817) y La filosofía del Derecho (1821). Es considerado el último de los grandes constructores de sistemas filosóficos. See also hegelianismo.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • HEGEL, GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH° — (1770–1831), German philosopher and culminating figure of German Idealism. After studies in philosophy (1788–90) and theology (1790–1793) at the Tuebingen seminary, he served as lecturer and professor at Jena (1801–07), Heidelberg (1816–18), and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hegel,Georg Wilhelm Friedrich — He·gel (hāʹgəl), Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. 1770 1831. German idealist philosopher who interpreted nature and human history and culture as expressions of a dialectical process in which Spirit, or Mind, realizes its full potentiality. His major… …   Universalium

  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich — born Aug. 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg died Nov. 14, 1831, Berlin German philosopher. After working as a tutor, he was headmaster of the gymnasium at Nürnberg (1808–16); he then taught principally at the University of Berlin (1818–31). His… …   Universalium

  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich — (1770–1831)    A German idealist philosopher, Georg Hegel was born in Stuttgart, Germany, on August 27, 1770. Through his schooling years Hegel mastered English, Greek, French, and Hebrew; obtained a master’s degree in philosophy in 1790; and… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

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  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich — (1770–1831) German philosopher. Born at Stuttgart, Hegel studied at Tübingen, where his contemporaries included Schelling and the poet Hölderlin. After holding positions as a tutor he went to Jena in 1801 as a Privatdozent in philosophy,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich — (1770–1831)    A German idealist philosopher and one of the most important thinkers of the 19th century, Hegel was one of the key influences on Karl Marx and his thought. Born in Stuttgart, Germany, Hegel studied philosophy and theology at the… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

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  • HEGEL, GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH —    German philosopher, the greatest of all, born in Stuttgart; studied first at Tübingen, with a view to theology; as a student attracted no particular attention, was outstript by Schelling; did domestic tutoring for a time; qualified at Jena for …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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